Frequently Asked Questions
What is the minimum wage?
minimum wage provisions for covered, nonexempt employees are
contained in the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The Fair
Minimum Wage Act of 2007 included phased increases to the
federal minimum wage.
- For work performed on or after July 24, 2009, the
federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour.
What is the minimum wage for
who receive tips?
A: The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)
requires payment of at least the federal minimum wage to
covered, nonexempt employees. An employer of a tipped
employee is only required to pay $2.13 an hour in direct wages
if that amount plus the tips received equals at least the
federal minimum wage, the employee retains all tips and the
employee customarily and regularly receives more than $30 a
month in tips. If an employee's tips combined with the
employer's direct wages of at least $2.13 an hour do not equal
the federal minimum hourly wage, the employer must make up the
When are pay raises required?
raises are generally a matter of agreement between an employer and
employee (or the employee's representative). Pay raises to amounts above
the federal minimum wage are not required by the Fair Labor Standards
Can an employee be required to perform
work outside of the employee's job description?
A: Yes. The Fair Labor Standards Act
(FLSA) does not limit the types of work employees age 18 and
older may be required to perform. However, there are
restrictions on what work employees under the age of 18 can do.
This is true whether or not the work asked of the employee is
listed in the employee's job description.
What is the youngest age at which a person can be employed?
A: The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) sets 14 as the minimum age for
most non-agricultural work. However, at any age, youth may deliver
newspapers; perform in radio, television, movie, or theatrical
productions; work in businesses owned by their parents (except in
mining, manufacturing or hazardous jobs); and perform babysitting or perform minor chores around a
private home. Also, at any age, youth may be employed as homeworkers to
gather evergreens and make evergreen wreaths.
Q: When and how
many hours can youth work?
A: Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the minimum age for
employment in non-agricultural employment is 14. Hours worked by 14- and
15-year-olds are limited to:
and 15 years old enrolled in an approved Work Experience and Career
Exploration Program (WECEP)
may be employed for up to 23 hours in school weeks and 3 hours on school
days (including during school hours).
does not limit the number of hours or times of day for workers 16 years
Q: What kinds
of work can youth perform?
A: Regulations governing youth employment in non-agricultural jobs
differ somewhat from those pertaining to agricultural employment. In
non-agricultural work, the permissible jobs, by age, are as follows:
18 years or older may perform any job, whether hazardous or not;
16 and 17 years old may perform any non-hazardous jobs; and
14 and 15 years old may work outside school hours in various
non-manufacturing, non-mining, non-hazardous jobs.
is the minimum age for most non-agricultural work. However, at any age,
youth may deliver newspapers; perform in radio, television, movie, or
theatrical productions; work in businesses owned by their parents
(except in mining, manufacturing or on hazardous jobs); perform
babysitting or perform minor chores around a private home. Also, at any
age, youth may be employed as homeworkers to gather evergreens and make
Q: Must a youth have a work permit to work?
A: The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not require that youth get
work permits or working papers to get a job. Some states
do require work permits prior to getting a job. School
counselors may be able to advise if a work permit is needed
before getting a job.
To contact us:
(410) 822-1716 or TDD 822-9164
Upper Shore Workforce Investment Board
P.O. Box 8
Wye Mills, Maryland 21679